The Central Jail, Vellore was established on 19.03.l867 with 160 convicts. It is the largest Jail in the district. The prison has historical importance. Political leaders like former president Sri R.Venkat Raman. Dr. Aringer C.N. Anna Durai. Late Tr,V,V,Giri, late Tr. Kamaraj and Sri Vinoba Bhave were confined in this prison. Many prisoners sentenced to transpiration by the courts of this Presidency are retained when considered physically unfit for deportation to Andaman. The expenditure in the jail is recovered by the value of the Convict’s labor. There is a small sub tail attached to the central prison to accommodate the remand and under-trail prisoners of this dist.