A starving person has slow pulse, low blood pressure, marked emaciation, lose of hair and inelastic skin. Large sums of money are wasted in every country on tonics and vitamins for increasing weight. With a limited budget, the same money could more wisely be spent on nourishing, high-calorie foods.
Persons below average weight run the risk of increased mortality and are especially liable to tuberculosis and other acute infectious diseases.
1. A high-calorie, high-protein and high-carbohydrate diet is needed.
2. Foods rich in proteins should be included. This is necessary for tissue building.
3. The inclusion of high-calorie fatty foods (like cream, butter, etc) should be gradual so as to avoid the possibility of indigestion and diarrhea.
4. Carbohydrates in cereals and cereal products like biscuits and bred are recommended as they supply high calories at low costs.
5. Intervals between meals should not be more than 3 hours.
6. Never lie down immediately after meals. There should be a gap of around two hours between dinner retiring to bed.
7. Fluids should not be taken before or with meals, but only afterwards so that food intake is not reduced.
8. Regular exercise helps to stimulate appetite and keep constipation at bay.
9. Weight lifting exercise under proper supervision helps to improve body frame and increase weight.
10. Protein supplementation after heavy workouts is very necessary in the form of milk shakes and protein powders.